Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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Muslim regard for Christians and Christianity, 900-1200
(5,394 words)

Muslim attitudes towards Christians who lived within the increasingly fragmented Islamic world remained governed by the so-called Pact of ʿUmar, though it is unclear how far its stipulations were applied beyond the exaction of the jizya.


 The evidence of such texts as the 11th-century Khabar al-Yahūd wa-l-Naṣārā (q.v.), in which the Fatimid Caliph al-Ḥākim retires from his meeting with the heads of the main client faiths to consult the sources about the treatment of dhimmīs, and of Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Kātib’s Al-durr al-thamīn (q.v.) from the later 12th century, which t…

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Thomas, David, “Muslim regard for Christians and Christianity, 900-1200”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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