Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Radd al-Muṭīʿ ʿalā risāla malik al-Rūm
(603 words)

Al-Muṭīʿ’s refutation of the Byzantine emperor’s letter

Al-Qaffāl al-Shāshī

Date: 966

Original Language: Arabic


This work is a response to the polemical poem sent in the name of the Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus Phocas (r. 963-69) to the Caliph al-Muṭīʿ in 966 (see the entry on Nicephorus Phocas’ representative; there was also another response by the Andalusī theologian Ibn Ḥazm [q.v.]), following a series of Byzantine victories in the mid-10th century, which ar…

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Thomas, David, “ Radd al-Muṭīʿ ʿalā risāla malik al-Rūm”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 21 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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