Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Radd ʿalā ahl al-dhimma wa-man tabiʿahum
(497 words)

‘Refutation of the dhimmis and those who follow them’

Ghāzī ibn al-Wāsiṭī

Date: 1290-93

Original Language: Arabic


Radd ʿalā ahl al-dhimma wa-man tabiʿahum is a vicious attack on Coptic Christians (and, less often, Jews), which consists almost entirely of anecdotes describing their supposed duplicity. It was one of a number of anti-Christian treatises written in the jihād atmosphere of the Mamluk empire with the aim of inciting popular antagonism aga…

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Mallett, Alex, “ Radd ʿalā ahl al-dhimma wa-man tabiʿahum”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 30 March 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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