Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Rasāʾīl Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ wa khillān al-wafāʾ
(1,654 words)

The Epistles of the Brethren of Purity and Friends of Loyalty

Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ

Date: About 956

Original Language: Arabic


The work is divided into 52 epistles (rasāʾil), arranged into four sections (propaedeutical sciences, including mathematics, logic, music and ethics; natural sciences; sciences of the soul and the intellect; theological sciences). They total 1,900 pages in the 1957 Beirut edition.

The Epistles are arguably one of the most interesting …

Cite this page
Ali-de-Unzaga, Omar, “ Rasāʾīl Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ wa khillān al-wafāʾ”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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