Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Risāla fī l-Khāliq
(190 words)

Treatise on the Creator

Elias of Nisibis

Date: Before 1046

Original Language: Arabic


This tract focuses on God as a substance (jawhar) who subsists in himself (qāʾim bi-nafsihi). In response to the Muslim accusation that Christians are ‘associators’ (mushrikūn), Elias explains that the meaning of the statement that God is three hypostases (thalāthat aqānīm) is that He is subsistent in himself, living by Life and articulating by a Word (nāṭiq bi-nuṭq).

The three hy…

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Monferrer Sala, Juan Pedro, “ Risāla fī l-Khāliq”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 25 November 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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