Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Risāla fī l-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā
(526 words)

Letter of refutation against the Christians

Ibn Jazla

Date: Unknown, but soon after 1074

Original Language: Arabic


The letter is lost. According to a description given by Ibn Khallikān (Wafayāt, v, p. 310), who says he had read it and thought it an excellent work, the letter contained praise of Islam and criticism of both Christianity and Judaism. In particular, it presented evidence for the truth of Islam, and predictions…

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Thomas, David, “ Risāla fī l-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 21 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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