Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Risāla fī tathbīt waḥdāniyyat al-bāriʾ wa-tathlīth khawāṣṣihi
(821 words)

Epistle on the confirmation of the Unity of the Creator and the Trinity of his properties

Israel of Kashkar

Date: Mid-9th c.

Original Language: Arabic


The treatise covers 11 folios (22 pages) in the oldest manuscript and 70 pages in the modern edition. In the following, paragraph numbers refer to the edition. The treatise may be divided into three major parts. While the first two parts are provided with headings in the…

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Holmberg, Bo, “ Risāla fī tathbīt waḥdāniyyat al-bāriʾ wa-tathlīth khawāṣṣihi”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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