Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Risāla malik al-Rūm ilā l-Muṭīʿ
(652 words)

The letter of the Byzantine emperor to al-Muṭīʿ

Representative of Nicephorus Phocas

Date: 966

Original Language: Arabic


According to the Vienna manuscript, the poem comprises 54 verses written in ṭawīl meter (in al-Subkī, Ṭabaqāt, it is 49 verses, and in Ibn Kathīr, who says he takes it from Ibn ʿAsākir, quoting it from the 10th century historian al-Farghānī’s lost Kitāb ṣilat al-ṣila, it is 70 verses). After a brief introduction (vv. 1-2), it details th…

Cite this page
Thomas, David, “ Risāla malik al-Rūm ilā l-Muṭīʿ”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 13 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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