Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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Second ritual of abjuration
(120 words)

Unknown author

Date of Birth: Unknown; possibly mid or late 10th century

Place of Birth: Unknown; probably Asia Minor

Date of Death: Unknown; probably mid-11th century

Place of Death: Unknown; probably region of Sivas


Little is known about the author of this short ritual of abjuration. From the ritual itself it can be inferred that he was active in the region around Sivas in the early 11th century, was hostile to Christians who disagr…

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Rigo, Antonio, “Second ritual of abjuration”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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