Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Syāmā ʿal haymānutā
(333 words)

Treatise on faith

Job of Edessa, Job ‘the Spotted’, Ayyub Urhāyā, Ayyūb al-Ruhāwī ‘al-Abrash’

Date: Unknown, probably before 817

Original Language: Syriac


This is another lost apologetic treatise to which Job refers in the Book of treasures (Mingana, p. 458, trans. p. 279). He mentions that it treated various aspects of the Christian faith, such as the unitarian and trinitarian nature of God, the necessity of baptism, the euchari…

Cite this page
Roggema, Barbara, “ Syāmā ʿal haymānutā”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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