Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Takhjīl man ḥarrafa al-Tawrāh wa-l-Injīl
(1,113 words)


‘The shaming of those who have altered the Torah and the Gospel’, 'Shaming'


Date: Unknown (but before 1221)

Original Language: Arabic


The Takhjīl is al-Jaʿfarī’s first book in refutation of Jewish and Christian beliefs. As expressed in the prolegomena of his second work, Al-bayān al-wāḍiḥ, al-Jaʿfarī wrote the Takhjīl in the early days of his youth (ed. Triebs, p. 4), and its structure and text served as the basis for his tw…

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Demiri, Lejla, “ Takhjīl man ḥarrafa al-Tawrāh wa-l-Injīl”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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