Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Title uncertain
(1,728 words)

The Letter of ʿUmar ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz to Leo, King of the Christian infidelsThe Letter of ʿUmar II to Leo III

Unknown author

Date: Unknown, probably mid/late 8th c.

Original Language: Arabic


Several Eastern Christian and Muslim sources from the 9th and 10th centuries make mention of the fact that the Umayyad Caliph ʿUmar ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (r. 717-20) corresponded with the Byzantine emperor Leo III (r. 717-41) about religion (Kaplony, Konstantinopel und Damascus, pp.…

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Roggema, Barbara, “ Title uncertain”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 08 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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