Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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 Akbar's farmans concerning Portuguese-Mughal relations
(3,542 words)


Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar

Date: 1572-1604

Original Language: Persian


Following the capture of Ahmadabad, the capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat, and the abdication of Sultan Muzaffar Shāh III, Akbar was declared Lord of Gujarat and his name proclaimed in the khuṭba during Friday prayers. The growing proximity of the Mughal territories to the possessions of the Estado da Índia in Gujarat (Bassein, Diu and Daman) led Akbar to send a farman (decree) to the captain of the Port…

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Melo, João Vicente, “ Akbar's farmans concerning Portuguese-Mughal relations”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <>

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