Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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 Al-radd ʿalā ʿulamāʾ al-Muslimīn
(1,411 words)

‘Response to Muslim scholars’

Stephanus Roselli, Stéphane Ward

Date: 22 April 1732

Original Language: Arabic


Before discussing the contents of this polemical letter, it is important to explain how research has led to confusion between this treatise and another work by Ward. In an article published in 1931, Mīkhāʾīl Ghabraʾīl noted that Isṭifān Ward wrote ‘a pleasant letter summarising [taken from] his book Al-qarīn al-ḥakīm to counter those who claim that the Gospels and the …

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Moukarzel, Joseph, “ Al-radd ʿalā ʿulamāʾ al-Muslimīn”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 07 July 2020 <>

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