Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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Christians in the Safavid Empire
(5,503 words)

In the 17th century, Christians in the Safavid Empire could be divided into three major groups: Georgians belonging to the Orthodox Church, Armenians belonging to the Armenian Apostolic (i.e., Gregorian) Church, and Roman Catholics comprising Western missionaries and recent converts who had been recruited mainly from among the Armenians.[1] Below, these groups will each be treated in turn. 


Throughout the first half of the 16th century, Georgian principalities largely preserved their sovereignty, even though in 1522 Shah Ismāʿīl (r. 1501-24) sacked …

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Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz, “Christians in the Safavid Empire”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <>

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