Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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 Copies of the 'Apology' of al-Kindī
(947 words)



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Mār Ghrīghūryūs Yūḥannā ibn al-Ghurayr al-Zirbābī al-Shāmī

Date: 1655 and 1657

Original Language: Arabic

Description

Dating to around the year 830, the Apology of al-Kindī is the most significant Christian Arabic text criticising Islam in the classical period. It consists of a long epistle by a certain ʿAbd al-Masīḥ ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī responding to a short epistle by a certain ʿAbdallāh ibn Ismāʿīl al-Hāshimī, in which the latter invites the fo…

Cite this page
Fathi, Jean, “ Copies of the 'Apology' of al-Kindī”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2451-9537_cmrii_COM_28969>



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