Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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Dutch versus Portuguese colonialism. Traders versus crusaders?
(5,647 words)

The year 1492 was immensely significant in global history. It marked the end of the Reconquista, the long process of ending Muslim rule in the Iberian Peninsula, and also the beginnings of the expansion of European rule over the new territories discovered by Christopher Columbus, first in the Americas and then, after 1498, in Asia. Is there a connection between the two? Or rather, should we consider the Portuguese and Spanish expansion of trade and power into regions of Asia (and also Africa) as a continuation of the Reconquista? This idea was encapsulated succinctly by a student o…

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Steenbrink, Karel, “Dutch versus Portuguese colonialism. Traders versus crusaders?”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 03 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2015

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