Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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Introduction: the Ottoman and Persian Empires in the 18th century
(4,638 words)

The 18th century witnessed tremendous political, military, social, economic, cultural and religious changes, which affected Christian-Muslim relations in the Ottoman Empire and in other Persian- and Arabic-speaking regions of the Islamic world. Historians of pre-modern Muslim societies still argue whether the 18th century really marked the beginnings of ‘revivalist’ ideas in the Muslim world.[1] The call to reform Islam emanated from the fact that Muslim scholars wanted to get back to the ‘golden’ Islamic past, instead of totally embracing what …

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Ryad, Umar, “Introduction: the Ottoman and Persian Empires in the 18th century”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 20 October 2019 <>

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