Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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 Lamaʿāt-i malakūtiyya
(271 words)

Lamaʿāt-i malakūtī

‘Heavenly splendours’

Kamāl al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ʿAlavī ʿĀmilī

Date: Before mid-July 1625

Original Language: Persian


In his Lamaʿāt-i malakūtiyya (‘Heavenly splendours’), ʿAlavī focuses mainly on philosophical arguments to refute Christian beliefs. Assuming conformity between the esoteric aspects (bāṭin) of the Gospel and the Qur’an, he identifies the Prophet Muḥammad with the Paraclete (fāriqlīṭ) of the Gospel of John. In s…

Cite this page
Halft, Dennis, “ Lamaʿāt-i malakūtiyya”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <>

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