Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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 Tafsīr bi-smillāh al-raḥmān al-raḥīm
(462 words)

‘An explanation of “In the name of God, the most gracious, the most merciful”’

Makāriyūs ibn al-Zaʿīm al-Ḥalabī

Date: 1664-5

Original Language: Arabic


This brief tract, or rather note, covering one folio in the Rome manuscript, forms chapter 26 of an originally untitled collection of treatises composed by Macarius during his stay in Georgia in 1664-5. It contains a Christian (re-)interpretation of the Muslim basmala, the invocation formula that introduces all but one sūra of the Qur’an…

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Walbiner, Carsten, “ Tafsīr bi-smillāh al-raḥmān al-raḥīm”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 26 January 2020 <>

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