Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

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The Ottoman and Safavid Empires in the 17th century
(7,945 words)

The Ottoman Empire

by Claire Norton

The Ottoman Empire was a poly-ethnic, multi-faith, Islamic empire with substantial Christian and Jewish populations that stretched from central Europe east to Mesopotamia, west along the north African coast to Morocco, south to the Ḥijāz and Yemen and north of the Black Sea to the Crimea. Although the 16th century, especially the reign of Sultan Süleyman (r. 1520-66), has been conventionally interpreted by modern historians and Ottoman chroniclers as a golden age of Ottoman rule, the empire continued to thrive in the 17th century, expanding terr…

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and Reza Pourjavady, Claire Norton, “The Ottoman and Safavid Empires in the 17th century”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 11 December 2019 <>

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