(1,701 words)

I. Name

Heb. Ali or Eli (< ʿly) and Alu or Elu (< ʿlw) have been identified as the shorter and more ancient forms of the term Elyon (ʿlywn), ‘Most High’, mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. Elyon is a well documented divine name or epithet in biblical traditions and poetic passages like 2 Sam. 22.14 (= Ps. 18.14) and Ps. 21.8 unequivocally associate Elyon with the divine name YHWH (Yahweh). Nevertheless, modern scholarship has identified Elyon as originally the name of an ancient Canaanite deity …

Cite this page
B. Schmidt, “Al”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 17 January 2019 <>

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