Amalek עמלק
(304 words)

I. Name

In the Old Testament, the tribe of Amalek is one of Israel’s enemies of old (Exod. 17.8–16; Num. 13.29 etc.). Their ancestor is seen as a grandson of Esau (Gen. 36.12–16). Amalek can also designate a topographical area as in the expression har hāʿămālēqî ‘the mountain of the Amalekites’ (Judg. 12.15). An etymological explanation of the name Amalek has been impossible until now (Weippert 1974:252). The suggestion has been made to relate the name Amalek to a mountain deity ḥmrq known from an Egyptian source (Görg 1987:…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Amalek עמלק”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <>

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