(3,213 words)

I. Name

Atum, sun god and eldest of the Ennead of Heliopolis, occurs in the Bible in the place-name Pithom (Exod. 1.11), Gk. Πατουμος, Eg. Pr-Itm ‘House of Atum’. Recently, it has been suggested to explain the place-name Etam (Exod. 13.20; Num. 33.6–8), the etymology of which H. Cazelles was unable to determine with certainty (Cazelles, Les localisations de l’Exode et la critique littéraire, RB 62 [1955] 321–364, 357–359) as an abbreviated spelling of (Pr)-Itm ‘(House) of Atum’ (M. Görg, Etam und Pitom, BN 51 [1990] 9–10). K. Myśli…

Cite this page
R. L. Vos, “Atum”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <>

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