Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access

Atum
(3,213 words)

I. Name

Atum, sun god and eldest of the Ennead of Heliopolis, occurs in the Bible in the place-name Pithom (Exod. 1.11), Gk. Πατουμος, Eg. Pr-Itm ‘House of Atum’. Recently, it has been suggested to explain the place-name Etam (Exod. 13.20; Num. 33.6–8), the etymology of which H. Cazelles was unable to determine with certainty (Cazelles, Les localisations de l’Exode et la critique littéraire, RB 62 [1955] 321–364, 357–359) as an abbreviated spelling of (Pr)-Itm ‘(House) of Atum’ (M. Görg, Etam und Pitom, BN 51 [1990] 9–10). K. Myśli…

Cite this page
R. L. Vos, “Atum”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Atum>



▲   Back to top   ▲