Breasts and Womb שׁדים ורחם
(680 words)

I. Name

The expression šādayim wārāḥam, ‘Breasts and Womb’, (Gen. 49.25) has been interpreted as an epithet echoing Ugaritic titles of the goddesses Anat and Asherah (Vawter 1955; M. O’ Connor, Hebrew Verse Structure [Winona Lake 1980] 178; Smith 1990:17).

II. Identity

In a para-mythological text from Ugarit, it is said that the deities Shahar and Shalim are to be seen as those ‘sucking the nipple (ap; lit. ‘nose’) of the breast (ḏd//zd) of Athiratu’ (KTU 1.23:24, 59, 61). In the epic of Ker…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Breasts and Womb שׁדים ורחם”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 17 January 2019 <>

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