Exalted Ones שׁנים
(550 words)

I. Name

The expression bĕqereb šānîm, occurring twice in Hab. 3.2 and traditionally rendered as ‘within years; in the midst of the years’ or the like (HALAT 1478), has been interpreted as referring to deities: ‘when the Exalted Ones are approaching …’ (Reider 1954; Wieder 1974) or as an epithet for Yahweh ‘The Exalted One’ (Haak 1992). This proposal is connected with the interpretation of a Ugaritic epithet for El ab šnm which is then supposed to mean ‘Father of the Exalted Ones’.

II. Identity

The tran…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Exalted Ones שׁנים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Exaltedones>

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