Ham חם
(364 words)

I. Name

Ham is the second son of Noah, and the brother of Shem and Japheth. His name occurs 17 times in the Bible. He is sometimes said to originally represent a (semi-) divine figure, either because his name is that of a supposed West-Semitic sun-god called Ḥammu (Lewy 1944), or because it is connected to Eg. ḥm, ‘(divine) majesty’ (Gordon 1988).

II. Identity

The evidence adduced by Lewy for a solar deity called Hammu is onomastic: the theophoric element Ḫammu or Ammu (as in Ḫammu-…

Cite this page
K. van der Toorn, “Ham חם”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Ham>

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