In accordance with Mesopotamian, Anatolian and North Syrian evidence we find the word-pair ‘heaven and earth’ also in the OT scriptures, mainly in deuteronomistic and prophetic texts, where the cosmos is called upon as a witness. Besides these occurrences we find heaven and earth in parallelism to describe the whole cosmos.
Outside the Biblical world the pair heaven-and-earth has different degrees of divinity. First of all we can find certain gods who bear epithets (AkkGE. 54.64.…
Cite this page
“Heaven-and-Earth שׁמים וארץ”, in:
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst.
Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Heaven_and_Earth>