Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Hypnos Ὕπνος
(551 words)

I. Name

Hypnos (‘sleep’) is the god of sleep in Greek mythology. He is the son of Nyx (Night) and the twin brother of Thanatos (Death). In the Greek Bible hypnos does not occur as a deity but only in the sense of literal sleep (e.g. Gen. 28.16; Matt. 1.24), as a euphemism for sexual intercourse (Sap 4:6), or as a metaphor for spiritual torpidity (Rom. 13.11) and death (Joh. 11.11).

II. Identity

In the Homeric epos the god Hypnos, called Thanatos’ twin (Iliad 14:231; on their likeness Odyssee 13:80; cf. Virgil, Aen…

Cite this page
P. W. van der Horst, “Hypnos Ὕπνος”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Hypnos>



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