Mammon μαμωνᾶς
(631 words)

I. Name

Mammon (Aram. status emphaticus mamōnāʾ), the etymology of which is not completely certain, probably is a maqtāl form of the root ʾmn with the meaning of ‘that in which one puts trust’, with ‘money, riches’ as a derivative meaning (J. A. Fitzmyer, The Gospel according to Luke II [New York 1985] 1109; for other etymologies see Hauck 1942:390 n. 2 and Rüger 1973:127–131; on problems of spelling see Mastin 1984). It occurs in both Hebrew and Aramaic texts of the post-biblical period (Hauck 1942:391; BAGD s.v.; Balz 1981: 94…

Cite this page
P. W. van der Horst, “Mammon μαμωνᾶς”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <>

▲   Back to top   ▲