(646 words)

I. Name

The common semitic verb šmr/ III zmr/ḏmr ‘to protect; to watch’ can be used with a religious connotation, as becomes clear from personal names like Zimri-Lim, ‘Lim is my Protection’. At Ugarit, the ancestral gods (Ilib) are probably once depicted as ḏmr ʾṯrh, ‘Protector(s) of his place’. In the OT Yahweh is seen as the ‘protector’ of his people (e.g. Exod. 15.2; Ps. 121). At Nah. 2.3 zĕmōrêhem šiḥētû might be rendered as ‘slaughtered their protectors’.

II. Identity

In the epic of Aqha…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Protectors”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <>

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