Ptah פתח
(714 words)

I. Name

Josh. 15.9 and Josh. 18.15 mention the “(Spring of the) Water of Neptôaḥ”. This is, however, a secondary interpretation of the “(Spring of) Merenptah”. This Merenptah is Pharaoh Merenptah (ca. 1224–1214 bce) whose name (Mr.n Ptḥ) means “Beloved by (the god) Ptah”. Other occurrences of the Egyptian god Ptah have been found in the expression baṭṭuḥôt (Job 38.36; Görg 1980) and in the Hebrew word Topheth (Görg 1988).

II. Identity

Ptah is anthropomorphic. His close-fitting garment co…

Cite this page
M. Heerma van Voss, “Ptah פתח”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <>

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