Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Zedeq צדק
(2,674 words)

I. Name

The West Semitic deity Zedek, ‘Righteousness’, is found in the Bible only in the personal names Melchizedek (Gen. 14.18; cf. Ps. 110.4; Heb. 5.6; Heb. 6.20–7.17) and Adonizedek (Josh. 10.1, Josh. 3), both Canaanite kings of pre-Israelite Jerusalem. Zedek is probably to be identified with the deity known as Išar among the Amorites and Kittu in Babylonia, and thus a hypostasis or personification of the sun god Shamash’s function (Shemesh) as divine overseer of justice. The cult of Zedek a…

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B. F. Batto, “Zedeq צדק”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 12 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Zedeq>



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