Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Zion ציון
(1,130 words)

I. Name

Zion, a name for Jerusalem of uncertain etymology, referred originally to the fortified acropolis of the pre-Israelite city. The ‘stronghold of Zion’ (mĕṣūdat ṣiyyôn, 2 Sam. 5.7 = 1 Chron. 11.5; 1 Kgs. 8.1 = 2 Chron. 5.2) was located on top of the southeastern hill, overlooking the Valley of Kidron. David conquered it and renamed it for himself (2 Sam. 5.9), and the meanings of both names—‘Zion’ and ‘City of David’—were expanded as the city grew.

Zion does not occur as a divine name in th…

Cite this page
P. K. McCarter, “Zion ציון”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 19 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Zion>



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