Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

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(3,928 words)

1. Introduction

Catharism was a dissident movement in medieval Western and Southern Europe, considered heretical by the Church. The name Cathar, which derives from the Greek katharos (pure), was first used in 1163, by the German monk Eckbert of Schönau. Heresiological literature also employed terms such as Neo-Manichaeans, Patarins (Italy), Albigeois (Langedoc, Lat. Albigenses), Bougres (Lat. Bulgari) and Texerants…

Cite this page
Bozoky, Edina, “Catharism”, in: Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism. Consulted online on 20 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1873-8338_dgwe_DGWE_065>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004141872, 20061031

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