Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

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Magical Instruments
(2,932 words)

There is little evidence of magical instruments from the Middle Ages, owing to the prohibitions by the doctrinal authorities of those centuries. The testimonies are indirect and derive from works of Greco-Roman paganism and medieval Arab culture that passed sporadically into medieval Latin literature. Thus the available sources are preponderantly classical and Renaissance; in the Middle Ages they were obscured, known only through citations of forbidden texts. They re-emerged in the Renaissance when the most important manual of medieval magic, Picatrix, hitherto almost unkno…

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Vescovini, Graziella Federici, “Magical Instruments”, in: Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism. Consulted online on 17 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1873-8338_dgwe_DGWE_221>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004141872, 20061031

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