(9,675 words)

Eschatology (ʿilm al-maʿād), religious teaching about the end of the created world and its return to the Creator. In Islam, the Qurʾān and ḥadīth provide the outline of the stages and/or landmarks of this process, the most important of which are the grave (al-qabr), the rising (al-qiyāma), the gathering (al-ḥashr), the questioning (al-suʾāl), the path (al-ṣirā), the garden (al-janna), the fire (al-nār), and the ramparts (al-aʿrāf…

Cite this page
Janis Esots, “Eschatology”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180110

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