(6,566 words)

Euclid (Lat: Euclides, Ar: Uqlīdis), is the most celebrated mathematician of the pre-modern era, whose fame as the father of geometry still endures. Nothing is known about his birthplace or education, and only two general facts are commonly agreed: firstly, that he lived sometime after the time of Plato (d. 347 BCE) and was working before Archimedes (b. ca. 287 BCE); and secondly, that he taught in Alexandria, which was founded by Alexander in 332 BCE. What …

Cite this page
Alireza Djafari Naini and Muhammad Ali Mowlavi, “Euclid”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 19 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180110

▲   Back to top   ▲