Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(a.) and its opposite g̲h̲air or g̲h̲airīya are used to designate the Platonic categories of the identical (ταυτόν) and the different (θάτερον) [cf. annīya]. Weakening the conception of identity, one talks with reference to particular things of is̲h̲tirāk or ittifāḳ (similarity, agreement) as well as of iftirāḳ (difference). On the Aristotelian conception of these “categories” in Book v. of the Metaphysics cf. S. van den Bergh, Die Epitome der Metaphysik des Averroes, Leyden 1914, p. 18 sqq., 168 sq. (ταυτά ἕτερα, etc.).

The “Theology of Aristotle” (ed. Dieterici, p. 108 sqq.) spe…

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de Boer, TJ., “ʿAin”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_1061>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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