Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(802 words)

, name of two towns in Northern Africa:

1. A town generally designated under the name of Ṭobna, the ruins of which still exist four kilometres to the south of Bariḳa, in the department of Constantine, at an elevation of 460 metres (about 1182 feet), on the quaternary plateau which separates the Wādī Bariḳa from the Wādī Baitam. It was a flourishing town known as Thubunae in the time of the Romans but was destroyed by the Vandals; it was restored by the Byzantines, who built a castle there the ruins of which may yet be seen. According to tradition, it was conquered by Mūsā b. …

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Basset, R., “al-ʿAbbāsīya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 14 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_COM_0005>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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