Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(7,000 words)

, a mediaeval Arab town or rather a group of towns in al-ʿIrāḳ (Babylonia) about 20 miles S. E. of Bag̲h̲dād lying on either side of the Tigris in two almost equal portions. The name al-Madāʾin (plur. of al-Madīna) „the towns” is explained from the fact that the two capitals situated opposite one another, Seleucia on the west, the Greek city founded by Seleucus I between 312 and 301 B. C, and Ctesiphon on the east (the first reference to which is in 221 B. C), the winter residence of the Parthian and Sāsānian kings, with several oth…

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Streck, M., “al-Madāʾin”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 07 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4400>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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