Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,288 words)

, a school of law, which would derive the law only from the literal text (ẓāhir) of the Ḳurʾān and Sunna. In the “branches” of law (furūʿ al-fiḳh) it still further increased the number of contradictory detailed regulations by many divergencies, peculiar to it alone. More important is its significance for the principles of legislation (uṣūl al-fiḳh), the development and elucidation of which it considerably furthered by its uncompromising fight against raʾy, ḳiyās, istiṣḥāb, istiḥsān and taḳlīd [q. v.]. In the ʿIrāḳ the Ẓāhirī mad̲h̲hab, also called Dāʾūdī after its founder [see dāʾūd b.…

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Strothmann, R., “al-Ẓāhirīya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 02 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_6049>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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