Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(179 words)

, an Ottoman-Turkish word borrowed from the Byzantine Greek ἀφέντηΣ (Du Cange), derived from the ancient Greek αὐθέντηΣ “sir, master”, a legal term (used by Phrynicus, Polybius and even Euripides with this meaning). This name is given to men who have had a liberal education; ordinary people and subordinate officers are called Ag̲h̲a (Aa by elision of the velar) they receive the title Efendi when they have completed their literary education. Efendim (abbreviated familiarly and jokingly to Efem), “Sir”, “madam”. The Ḳāḍī of Constantinople is also called Istambol Efendisi. The Raʾīs-Efe…

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Huart, Cl., “Efendi”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 03 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2192>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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