Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,969 words)

(a.), effusion, emanation, is much used in the Arabic tradition of neo-Platonism, as a name for the gradual but steadily descending creative development of the world out of God and its maintenance through his providence. No definition (ḥadd) can be given of God’s being and of his creative activity, but it is possible to describe it in other words (rasm), e. g. to say: He is the existent one from whom all else emanates (yafīḍ). For this the philosophers primarily use the expressions of the Ḳurʾān and Tradition (k̲h̲alḳ, ibdāʿ etc.) interpreted in a spiritual sense (taʾwīl). At the same time…

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de Boer, Tj., “Faiḍ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2398>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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