Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(241 words)

, a port at the foot of Mount Carmel. The name is not found in the Old Testament and is first found as ʿΗΦα in Eusebius and as Ḥaifa in the Talmud. After the Arab conquest of Palestine Ḥaifa, which was overshadowed by ʿAkka, did not play an important part and it is not till the middle of the xith century that we have a brief description of it by Nāṣir Ḵh̲usraw, who mentions the many palm-groves and the large barques built by its inhabitants. In 1100 the town was taken by the Crusaders and attained some importance, as is clear from Idrīsī’s account of it…

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Buhl, Fr., “Ḥaifa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 02 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2617>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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