Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,323 words)

, the personal name of the Devil. The word is probably a corruption of διάβλοΣ; the native philologists derive it from the root b-l-s “because Iblīs has nothing to expect (ublisa) from the mercy of God”. He is also called al-S̲h̲aiṭān (Satan), ʿAduww Allāh (enemy of God) or al-ʿAduww. Al-S̲h̲aiṭān however is not a proper name. In the Ḳurʾān he appears mainly in the early history of the world (ii. 32: vii. 10; xv. 31 sq.; xvii. 63; xviii. 48; xx. 115; xxxviii. 74 sq.) as rebellious at the creation of Adam and as the tempter of Eve in Paradise. After Allāh had formed Adam [q. v.]…

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Wensinck, A. J., “Iblīs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 25 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2921>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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