Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Kaʿb b. al-As̲h̲raf
(440 words)

, a Medīna opponent of Muḥammad, according to one statement a Naḍīrī, according to another, a member of the Ṭaiyiʾī family of Nabhān but the son of a Naḍīrī woman. In any case, he was an ardent champion of Judaism (cf. the expression saiyid al-aḥbār, Ibn His̲h̲ām, p. 659, 12). Aroused by the result of the battle of Badr, he went to Mecca where he used his considerable poetic gifts (in the Kitāb al-Ag̲h̲ānī he is called faḥl faṣīḥ) to incite the Ḳurais̲h̲ to fight against the victor. He then returned to Medīna, where he is said to have compromised the wives of the Muslims …

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Buhl, Fr., “Kaʿb b. al-As̲h̲raf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 07 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3752>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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