Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(242 words)

is the name in Muḥammadan legend of the Biblical Potiphar. Ḳiṭfīr is corrupted from Fiṭfīr like Bilḳīs, queen of Saba, from Nikaulis, or as in the Yūsuf legend we have Ainam or Häinam from Muppīm, Ḥuppīm. Ḳiṭfīr was then further corrupted to Iṭfīr (so generally in Ṭabarī and T̲h̲aʿlabī), Iṭfīn and almost unrecognisably to Ḳiṭṭīn (Ṭabarī, ed. de Goeje, i. 377) and Ḳiṭṭifīn (Ṭabarī, Tafsīr, xii. 98). On the other hand al-Kisāʾī always has Ḳūṭifar, a direct borrowing from Potiphar. Ḳiṭfīr is quite arbitrarily called Ibn Ruhaib. In the Ḳurʾān xii. 30, 51, the Eg…

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Heller, B., “Ḳiṭfīr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 24 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4247>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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