Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(3,520 words)

(a.), syllogism, deduction. The ḳiyās occupies a central position in the logic of the Muslim philosophers, which is mainly derived from Peripatetic tradition [cf. manṭiḳ]. This word really corresponds to the Greek ἀναλογία and not to συλλογισμόΣ (see below). A syllogism is according to the usual use of the word a collection, listing or combination, but Aristotle gave it its special meaning as a technical term for a combination of statements from which a deduction can be drawn. For this we require (i. e. for a perfect categorical deduction, ḳiyās ḥamlī) three conceptions ὅροι, ḥudūd), a m…

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de Boer, Tj., “Ḳiyās”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 11 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4387>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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