Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(19,257 words)

, the founder of Islām, was a native of the city of Mecca, out of which the energetic Ḳurais̲h̲ had in the sixth century created a flourishing centre of commerce by exploiting the much visited places of pilgrimage there. In consequence of the unreliability of the sources at our disposal the very first question a biographer has to ask, namely when was his hero born, cannot be answered with certainty. That Muḥammad’s activity in Medīna covered ten years (622-632) is certain; but we have no certain…

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Buhl, Fr., “Muḥammad”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 13 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4746>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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